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Fundamental tenets of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s philosophy of nonviolence described in his first book, Stride Toward Freedom.


  1. Nonviolence is not passive, but requires courage.
  2. Nonviolence seeks reconciliation, not defeat of an adversary.
  3. Nonviolent action is directed at eliminating evil, not destroying an evil-doer.
  4. A willingness to accept suffering for the cause, if necessary, but never to inflict it.
  5. A rejection of hatred, animosity or violence of the spirit, as well as refusal to commit physical violence.
  6. Faith that justice will prevail.

I have a new poem, "Borrowed Memories: A Eulogy," in the May issue of The Centrifugal Eye.  Many thanks to Eve Hanninen, the editor, who works tirelessly to make this a quality literary publication.

The poem is a part of a larger project that I am currently working on that blurs the distinctions between memories, dreams (day dreams and the ones at night) and prayer.  As a Christian, I have been told to "pray without ceasing," and yet good sense tells me I have to sleep.  Do I pray when I sleep?  Does the Spirit pray in me?  This is where the project I call "Windows Toward the World" began, and I do not yet know where it will end.